General Primate Information:
Marmosets and Tamarins
Marmosets and tamarins are found primarily in the tropical rainforests of South America with a few remnant populations located in Central America. The common marmoset is distributed throughout the Atlantic Coastal Forest of northeastern Brazil. The common marmoset is entirely arboreal (tree dwelling) and prefers secondary or disturbed forests and edge habitat. Although the common marmoset utilizes a mixture of habitats, there are two criteria which usually must be met for the habitat to be appropriate:
- Enough trees must produce exudates (saps and gums) for food
- Sufficient hiding places for cover from predators, such as raptors and snakes.
Coat color and appearance
- Black and gray fur with black fur over head and neck
- Prominent white ear tufts in adults and juveniles.
- Infants lack ear tufts and have gray fur over head and neck.
- Tail has alternating wide dark bands and pale narrow bands.
- Adult weight: 300-500 grams
- Adult body length (without tail): 14-19 centimeters
- Specialized lower incisors. These teeth are enlarged and chiseled to enhance the ability to gnaw holes in trees.
- Short canines
- Life span: 12 years
- Age at maturity: 18 months
- Age at first reproduction: 17-20 months
- Gestation: 144 days
- Number of offspring: usually 2
- Seasonal births every 6 months
- Age infant weaned: 2 months
- Quadrupedal running, vertical clinging and leaping on branches. Replacement of nails with claws assists in locomotion.